Millwork Glossary

Appliqué
Ornamental wood, either carved or moulded, placed on another piece of wood without structural significance.

Back Band
A rabbetted moulding used to surround the outside edge of casing.

Base Cap
A decorative member installed flush against the wall and the top of an S4S baseboard.  Also a versatile panel moulding.

Base Moulding
A band of moulding around the bottom of a wall at the floor line

Casing
Molding or framing applied to the framework of doors and windows.

Corbel
A decorative bracket made of wood or stone

Cornice
The uppermost section of moulding along the top of a wall.

Crown Molding
A molding where the wall and ceiling meet; uppermost molding along furniture or cabinetry

Dentil
A series of small square blocks uniformly spaced and projecting like teeth. Often used in a cornice or mantel treatment.

Factory or Shop Lumber An industrial lumber grade primarily used for millwork.

Finger Jointed
Mouldings, windows and doors are manufactured from factory or shop lumber grades.

Fillet
A narrow band of wood between two flutes in a wood member; a flat, square moulding separating other mouldings.

Grain
An arrangement and direction of alignment for wood elements or fibers; can be straight or spiral grain; also used loosely to indicate texture.

Half Round
A moulding whose profile is half a circle.  May be used as a screen moulding or bead, shelf edge or panel mould.

Hardwood
The close-grained wood from broad-leaved trees such as oak or maple.

Jambs
The wood that surrounds the door unit. This is your frame to which the door unit (door, doors, and/or doors and sidelights) is attached.

Lip Moulding
A moulding designed to cover the exposed edge of another surface.

Millwork
Finished woodwork, cabinetry, carving, etc

Moulding or Molding
A general term for strip of contoured wood or other material applied to a wall or other surface.

Panel Divider
A moulding which separates two vertical wood panels along their common edges.

Picture Moulding
A moulding which bands a room below the ceiling line, typically with a lip on the top edge so pictures may be hung from the moulding.

Plate Rail
A decorative shelf banding a room below the ceiling line with a groove in the top to stand ornamental plates on.

Quarter Round
Versatile quarter round may be used as a base shoe, inside corner moulding or to cover any 90 degree recessed junctures. 

Raised Moulding
A moulding not on the same level or plane as the wood member to which it is applied.

Scotia
A concave molding.

Shingle/Panel Mould
A decorative pattern, originally used to trim out raised panel wall construction.

Softwood
Easily worked wood or wood from a conebearing tree.

Solid Moulding
Non-finger-jointed mouldings; solid length.

Specialty Millwork
Millwork manufactured by special order to suit a particular job.

Specified Lengths
Mouldings sold and shipped in lengths specified by the customer such as all 7 and/or 14-feet, 8 and/or 16-feet, all 8-feet, etc.

Stool
A moulded interior trim member serving as a sash or window frame sill cap.

Tear Drop
A term given to mouldings with a gradual curved profile.

Torus
A large bead; opposite of scotia; rope like moulding.

Wainscot
Covers and beautifies plywood's/wainscot's upper edge or rough sandwich edge in installation where it is exposed to view.

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